Tense neighbors Chinese quarry in Cameroon takes a toll oloc

เวลาปล่อย:2023-01-25 14:07 ผู้เขียน:

เกมส์ ยิง ปลา 888-สล็อตเกมออนไลน์ | Thb999 > สล็อต พีจี > ข้อมูลอุตสาหกรรม >

Mongabay Series:Land rights and extractives

Tense neighbors: Chinese quarry in Cameroon takes a toll on locals

Vibrations from explosive blasting operations carried out at the Chinese companys Jinli Cameroon LLC stone quarry have impacted homes located next to the site which are beginning to show cracks.

Local communities accuse the company of air and water pollution and not respecting its local development commitments.

The quarry manager denies these allegations, pointing to their new road development leading to the mine which has increased the value of land in the village.

Local authorities receive money from the quarry through taxes but are not responding to local demands to reinvest in the area.

FEBE, Cameroon In Febe, just six kilometres (about four miles) from Cameroons capital Yaound, a stone quarry overlooks a mountain slope and the bustling life of the village. Twice a month, the ground around the mine operated by the Chinese company Jinli Cameroon LLC vibrates as it launches huge explosives. A cloud of white dust soon fills the sky and several homes near the quarry tremble.

One of these homes belongs to Ambroise Ondoa, a local leader. His house, not far off from the quarry, has seen better days. Severe weather damaged the roof and the walls are covered with deep cracks. The sixty-year-old is hunkered down with his family in the only room that still has a partial roof, desperately waiting to be able to save enough of their farming income to repair his home.

His dilapidated home is partly the result of vibrations from intense quarry activity, he tells Mongabay.

The after-effects are noticeable almost everywhere on the houses in this area. You only have to look at the impact on my house, with the roof destroyed and cracks all over the place. Im not even the closest to the quarry, explains Ambroise Ondoa.

We feel vibrations when they blast. Its powerful enough to even knock down small children.

The company uses explosives to blast rubble before crushing it into various materials for sale. Basalt is a common stone mined in the quarry and is made up of several minerals, including heavy metals. The quarry carries out blasting operations at least twice a month and has set up an alert system to warn residents to vacate the village during explosions.

Schoolchildren from G.S.B Maristan, a primary school located less than a kilometre (about 0.6 miles) from the mine, are often forced to suspend classes and evacuate, only to return hours later under the supervision of teaching staff.

When they want to carry out explosions, they give us an hours notice. We stop classes then and evacuate the students to avoid any more inconvenience, says school manager Julienne Song.

Several hours after the explosions, once the white dust spreads in the sky, it is inevitably inhaled by the local residents.

Village residents collect water polluted by the quarry at a water collection point they have developed at the foot of the mountain. Image by Yannick Kenn.

The crushing is done with nitrate and dynamite, which are composed of chemical substances, says Auberlin Maffo, an organic chemist. When the dust rises, it carries away waste nitrate and dynamite left in the rock during the blasting, dangerous substances which people near the mines are inhaling.

The resulting ecological disaster is also worrying, according to Professor mile Temgoua, environmentalist and teacher at the University of Dschang, in western Cameroon. Quarry activities have had a very strong impact on biodiversity. Forests, savannahs and wild animals (across nearly 25 hectares of land) have disappeared, he says

The dust spreading in the air is damaging to more than just human respiratory systems. Its also toxic for local plants, which are withering and dying. The dust is also impacting local water quality, he tells Mongabay.

In 2015, environmental health and safety specialists H&B Consulting conducted an environmental and social audit on behalf of Cameroon Cement (CIMENCAM), which conducts similar activities in Cameroon.

They found that in the short term, fine dust particles less than one micrometer can reach the alveoli in the lungs and enter the bloodstream. The dust can transport other pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and heavy metals that are absorbed into the lungs. In the long term, these pollutants can cause respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema or lung cancer.

Despite the quarrys impact on the area, residential houses continue to sprout up in violation of the 500 meter (1,640 feet) safe distance advised in the countrys mining code. Its enforcement, however, is still subject to a decree from Cameroonian President Paul Biya.

The locals have no intention of moving, claiming they were there first and have not received compensation to relocate. They are also demanding compensation for the quarrys environmental pollution. However, they fear their efforts may be in vain.

They still lack substantial support to back them up in this conflict. Local authorities, specifically those in Yaound II, which administers the village, havent taken action to address angers and did not respond to requests for comment from Mongabay.

Along with several other areas with semi-mechanised artisanal mines, the region suffers from a serious lack of infrastructure. The mountain village is in an arid zone, and supplying people with drinking water is a real challenge.

A manually constructed water point releases a stream of water at the foot of a steep slope, providing water to the village. This was built with a modest monthly fee collected by local leaders of $1.60 (1,000 CFA francs) per home. The village has no hospital, let alone drinking water supply points, and is mainly served by a cracked and unpaved road.

These infrastructure projects were among the promises made to the locals by Jinli Cameroon when it started its quarry activities in the village three years ago.

In the past, angry local communities marched to protest the Chinese companys lack of transparency, forcing it to redevelop a bridge in the village. There is less conflict now, but there are still underlying tensions.

The company instead boasts about having opened up the area by building a road running through the village to the mine.

Before we came, a square metre of land here (Febe village) was worth $0.81 (500 CFA francs), but now it sells for $20 (12,000 CFA francs), thanks to our road developing the area, states Kevin, the Chinese head of the quarry at Febe.

At Yaound IIs town hall, questions related to local development are constantly bounced back to the Chinese company. Local authorities do receive money from the quarry, collecting a tax on quarry products at a rate of $4.90 (3,000 CFA francs) per truck. Nothing is reinvested in return to local communities.

Local officials have also declined all requests for comment from Mongabay.

The Ministry of Mines, Industry and Technological Development has also not commented. They are responsible for ensuring the company complies with commitments in the environmental and social management plan drawn up before mining activity commenced.

This plan requires someone to oversee the implementation, as well as someone to follow-up and monitor it, which is the responsibility of the administrative authorities, argues Professor mile Temgoua.

In Cameroon, enthusiasm for new quarry projects has dropped considerably in recent years. Cameroons Ministry of Mines 2020 statistics reveal that over the period 2018-2020, the number of quarries fell by 13%, from 434 in 2018 to 377 in 2020.

Banner image:Homes on the slopes of Mount Nkol-Bifouan in Febe, Cameroon. Image by Yannick Kenn.

Related listening from Mongabays podcast:A conversation with Anuradha Mittal, executive director of the Oakland Institute, and Christian-Geraud Neema Byamungu, a Congolese researcher, about how resource extraction is impacting human rights and the environment in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Listen here:

Chinese companies criticized for mercury pollution in Cameroon

FEEDBACK:to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.

Air PollutionEnvironmentEnvironmental PolicyIndustryLand ConflictMiningNoise PollutionPollutionSocial JusticeWater Pollution

The EU banned Russian wood pellet imports; South Korea took them all

Chiles denial of Dominga port project is a just energy transition victory and lesson (commentary)

Tense neighbors: Chinese quarry in Cameroon takes a toll on locals

Study identifies priority forests in Oregon for max conservation benefit

Podcast: Botanists are disappearing at a critical time

You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost.

Deforestation out of control in reserve in Brazils cattle capital

In Brazils Amazon, land grabbers scramble to claim disputed Indigenous reserve

Gold mining invades remote protected area in Ecuador

Panic sets in as armed groups occupy, deforest Colombian national park

As sea lice feast away on dwindling salmon, First Nations decide the fate of salmon farms

Study aims to unmask fishing vessels, and owners, obscured by loopholes

Invasive rats topple ecological domino that affects reef fish behavior

More than half of reef sharks and rays threatened with extinction, study shows

Sonia Guajajara: Turnaround from jail threats to Minister of Indigenous Peoples

From Japan to Brazil: Reforesting the Amazon with the Miyawaki method

We lost the biggest ally: Nelly Marubo on her friend Bruno Pereiras legacy

Murders of 2 Patax leaders prompt Ministry of Indigenous Peoples to launch crisis office

Tense neighbors: Chinese quarry in Cameroon takes a toll on locals

FOIA lawsuit suggests Indonesian nickel miners lack environmental licenses

Shadows of oil in Peru: Shipibo people denounce damage, contamination left by company

In Liberia, a gold boom leads to unregulated mining and ailing rivers

We lost the biggest ally: Nelly Marubo on her friend Bruno Pereiras legacy

Murders of 2 Patax leaders prompt Ministry of Indigenous Peoples to launch crisis office

Worries and whispers in Vietnams NGO community after activists sentencing

Scientists call for end to violence against Amazon communities, environmental defenders

Pioneer agroforester Ermi, 73, rolls back the years in Indonesias Gorontalo

After 20 years and thousands of trees planted, Kalimantans veteran forester persists

Aziil Anwar, Indonesian coral-based mangrove grower, dies at 64

A utopia of clean air and wet peat amid Sumatras forest fire hell

Biodiversity, human rights safeguards crucial to nature-based solutions: Critics

Protecting canids from planet-wide threats offers ecological opportunities

Mangrove forest loss is slowing toward a halt, new report shows

South Asia needs its own tiger plan: Q&A with Nepals Maheshwar Dhakal

Tunnel collapse at dam project in orangutan habitat claims yet another life

Sulawesi nickel plant coats nearby homes in toxic dust

Indonesias grand EV plans hinge on a green industrial park that likely isnt

Java communities rally as clock ticks on cleanup of worlds dirtiest river

Mongabay is a U.S.-based non-profit conservation and environmental science news platform. Our EIN or tax ID is 45-3714703.

上一篇:How to 下一篇:Asia travel hotspots quiet as Chinese touristay away